BASIC ENGLISH GRAMMAR
English Grammar is a very Vast topic. To start with, you need to identify the parts of speech like Sentence, Verbs, Articles, Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions etc.
Moving on further, let me explain you all the topics, in detail. It will surely help you to improve your English Grammar. First of All, All of you must know how to form a Sentence. Basically, What is a Sentence?
!! SENTENCE AND KIND OF SENTENCES!!
A group of words formed in a systematic manner to give a complete meaning is called a “Sentence”. Whenever we want to express our thoughts, We do it with the help of Words. These words must be put together in a certain order i. e. a systematic manner. Words which are used without any order will not make any sense. Hence, A Sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop or a Question mark or an Exclamation Mark.
A Simple Sentence must have a complete meaning. It must have a Subject and a Verb. The subject refers to the person or thing that does the Action.
!! Kind of Sentences!!
There occurs three kinds of sentences as mentioned below :
1. SIMPLE SENTENCE
2. COMPLEX SENTENCE
3. COMPOUND SENTENCE
1. SIMPLE SENTENCE : A sentence that has only one finite verb is a simple sentence. It may have non-finite verbs, if required. For example –
(1.) Radha is walking.
(2.) Hina has written a letter to her father.
2. Complex Sentence : A complex sentence consists of a principal /main clause with one or more subordinate clauses. It means that a complex sentence has more than one finite verb. Sub-ordinate clauses are joined by Sub-ordinate conjunctions. For example :
(1.) I know that Mukul is a good boy.
(2.)I know the man who has been there for me always.
(3.)When you do this work, I shall help you with money.
3. Compound Sentence : A compound sentence consists of two or more principal clauses. These clauses are joined by co-ordinating conjunctions such as –
‘and’, ‘but’, so therefore, as well as, otherwise, or, else, nor, while, for, whereas, still, yet, nevertheless, however,all the same, indeed but’. (otherwise = or else)
Hope that you all must have learned how to form a sentence and it’s kind. Now, moving on further, let’s come to learn about “Verb”.
….. !! WHAT IS A VERB!!…
A Verb is a word that tells us something about a person or a thing as follows –
(a) What a person or a thing does (Active)
(1) Sita teaches in a school.
(2) Himandrit often visited his village.
(b) What is done to a person or a thing. (passive)
(1)Rohit was punished.
(2)Suhana was taught a lesson.
(c) What a person or a thing is. (‘Be’ as a regular /ordinary verb)
(1)Sita is a preeti village girl.
(2)My Brother is a Chemist.
VERBS ARE CLASSIFIED AS IN TWO TYPES :
These are :
(A) The Auxiliary Verbs
(B) The ordinary /Regular verbs
(A) The Auxiliary verbs are of two types :
!! To be – is, am, are, was, were, been, being.
!! To have – has, have, had.
!! To do-do, does, did.
(2)Model Auxiliaries-will, must, should, may etc.
(B) The Ordinary verbs
to work, to play, to write.
The Use of “To Be”
(1)As an Auxiliary Verb.
(i) Sarita is writing a letter. (Active)
(ii) Arjun was called back. (passive)
(2) As an Ordinary /regular verb.
(i) Sumita is a Doctor.
(ii) She was present.
!! KINDS OF VERB!!
1. Finite verb.
2. Non-finite verbs.
1. Finite verbs-Finite verb has a subject of it’s own and is limited by the person and the number of Subject. For Example –
(i) Samir is playing Cricket.
(ii) They were watching television.
(a) Transitive verbs – Transit means ‘to move’. The action of transitive verbs passes over to the object. For example –
(i) Sarika writes a letter.
(ii) She teaches me.
(b) Intransitive verbs – The action of the intransitive verbs does not pass over to the object. It goes back to the subject. For example –
(i) She cried a lot.
(ii) She came on time.
NOTE: Transitive verbs alone can be used in passive voice.
2. Non-finite verbs- Non-finite verbs are not limited by the person and the number of any subject. They are used without mentioning any subject.
Non-finite verbs are of three kinds.
For example –
(i) She comes here to study.
(ii) We saw them waiting for the bus.
(iii) She likes reciting poems.
!! Furthermore, In the next blog you will learn about the Rules of Verbs, Hope that you must have acknowledged about Use of Basic English Grammar!!
Hence, Basic English Grammar is a vast concept, You will learn about it from our upcoming blogs………….. Thanking you
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